Slavery in Texas : Other digital resources on slavery in Texas

Once users have gained a firm grasp on utilizing all the materials in the Portal to Texas History, there are many other resources to explore to continue one's research. This page offers three Texas specific resources that contain material pertinent in researching slavery in Texas. At the end of this page is a list of physical works that could also prove useful in any scholar's research on slavery.

The Texas Slavery Project

Created by Dr. Andrew J. Torget, an Assistant Professor at the University of North Texas, The Texas Slavery Project is a database dedicated to exploring slavery in Texas from the 1820s through Taxas annexation into the United States in 1845. The site allows users to track the growth of slavery in Texas county-by-county using dynamic interactive maps and a slave population search engine. The website also includes a large collection of digitized original documents categorized into five separate categories. These categories include: The Laws of Texas, The Diplomatic Correspondence of the Republic of Texas, The James F. Perry Papers, Telegraph and Texas Register, and Civilian and Galveston Gazette. Within these collections are government laws, letters, articles, and more, all of which provides further context to the importance of slavery in the early years of Texas. To explore the Texas Slavery Project, go to 

The Texas Runaway Slave Project

Run by Kyle Ainsworth through Stephen F. Austin University, The Texas Runaway Slave Project is an aggregation of slave advertisements, articles, and notices from Texas newspapers. Users can browse the collection manually, or they may search the database by the name of a slave (of which they have compiled 1400), by newspaper, and by date. The site also has interactive maps that use content from the site to give users a visual scope of the project. The maps display the location of newspapers used in the database, the location where a submission was made, the locations of captured slaves, and locations of where slave owners resided. This resource not only helps users track runaway slaves, but puts on full display the distance slaves were able to run to, and the determination of owners to get their property back. To visit the project, go to

The Handbook of Texas Online

Maintained by the Texas State Historical Association, the Handbook of Texas Online allows users to search for practically any aspect of Texas history, including slavery. Essentially a searchable Texas history encyclopedia, the site has a easy interface and contains thousands of scholarly entries on people, places, and events from Texas history. Particularly useful entries to start looking at for more contexts on slavery in Texas include: Slavery, Urban Slavery, and Juneteenth. Searching for entries on Texas counties is also useful, as many of them from the antebellum period discuss the role of slavery while it existed in those areas. To visit the Handbook of Texas Online, go to

Books on slavery

Below are books that are good introductions to the history of slavery, both in Texas and abroad. These books can give readers a scholarly interpretation of the instiution, which scan heighten the appreciation of the sources found through the discussed digital resources.

Berlin, Ira. Generations of Captivity: A History of African-American Slaves. Cambridge, Mass., and London: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2003.

Campbell, Randolph B. Gone to Texas: A History of the Lone Star State. 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 2012.

Campbell, Randolph B. An Empire for Slavery: The Peculiar Institution in Texas, 1821-1865. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1989.

Genovese, Eugene. Roll, Jordan, Roll: The World the Slaves Made. New York: Vintage Books, 1974.

Johnson, Walter. River of Dark Dreams: Slavery and Empire in the Cotton Kingdom. Cambridge, Mass., and London: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2013.

Stampp, Kenneth. The Peculiar Institution: Slavery in the Antebellum South. New York: Kampf, 1956.

Torget, Andrew J. Seeds of Empire:Cotton, Slavery, and the Transformation of the Texas Borderlands, 1800-1850. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 2015.